Transneft Far East is one of the youngest companies in the Transneft system. It was established in August 2009 as an investor and subsequntly the operating entity of phase II of the Eastern Siberia – Pacific Ocean (ESPO-2) oil pipeline system.
As part of phase I, from December 2009 to December 2012, oil ran 2,694 km through the pipeline from Tayshet (Irkutsk Region) to Skovorodino (Amur Region), where it was loaded into railway tank cars and sent to the Kozmino oil terminal close to Nakhodka (Primorye Territory).
Construction of phase II of ESPO began a few days after the launch of phase I. Officially, the construction began on 13 January 2010. At the time, a significant event occurred. The first joint was welded on the 3,806th km of the corridor near the In station of Jewish Autonomous Region.
The final joint of phase II of the Eastern Siberia – Pacific Ocean pipeline system was welded in Primorye Territory less than 2 years after the beginning of the construction on 09 September 2011.
Initially, the commissioning of ESPO-2 was scheduled for 2014. However, filling of the pipeline with oil began 2 years ahead of the schedule, in the middle of the Summer of 2012.
An inauguration ceremony of phase II of the Eastern Siberia – Pacific Ocean pipeline system took place on 25 December 2012 in Khabarovsk. In early January 2013, Transneft pumped the first million tonnes of oil through the ESPO pipeline system from Tayshet (Irkutsk Region) to the port of Kozmino (Primorye Territory).
The Khabarovsk refinery was connected to the ESPO system with an offshoot pipeline with a design capacity of 6 MTPA in August 2015, as well as the refinery in Komsomolsk-on-Amur, in July 2019. The design capacity of this pipeline offshoot is up to 8 million tonnes per year. In July 2019, 200 million tonnes of oil were pumped through phase II of the Eastern Siberia – Pacific Ocean trunk pipeline.
By 2020, the capacity of ESPO-2, one of the most modern oil pipelines in Russia, will reach 50 MTPA (now the pipeline’s throughput capacity is 45 MTPA). Construction of a new oil pumping station (OPS) in Jewish Autonomous Region and two OPSs in Amur Region is being completed with an eye on increasing the operating capacity, in addition to revamping of stations located in Amur Region, Khabarovsk and Primorye Territories.
The commissioning of the ESPO-2 pipeline system has become the starting point for further development of the oil, oil refining and oil transportation industries, laying a solid foundation for a number of follow-up large-scale projects. Its implementation allows to radically revise the Russian map of energy exports, unlocking of the potential of markets of Asia and the Pacific for the national industry and boosting Russia’s energy security.
A multiplier effect is now at play in several entities of the Russian Federation: considerable taxes paid by the Company enriched regional treasuries; the infrastructure of far-off areas received strong impetus for development; and new jobs were created — the expansion of ESPO-2 alone will result in the creation of 800 new jobs.
Today, Transneft Far East operates the ESPO-2 oil pipeline with a total length of 2,047 km, 12 oil pumping stations, a tank farm with a total capacity of 330 thousand m 3 and a pipeline offshoot from ESPO to Komsomolsk Refinery with three oil pumping stations and a total length of 294 km, whose tank farm volume is 82 thousand m3 .